Textlinguistische Untersuchungen zum französischen Indefinitartikel. Matthiesen, Adelheid: Die intonative Segmentierung französischer Aussagesätze: Entwicklung eines modells zur Beschreibung der syntaktisch motivierten intonativen Basisstruktur. Hong KongDepartment of Chinese, Translation and Linguistics, City University of Hong Kong: 448—451. Fujimura, Osamu: A linear model of speech timing. Morton, Kathrine: Pragmatic phonetics: acoustics correlates.
Pilch, Herbert: Prosodie als linguistische Gestalt. Alignment of L and H in bitonal pitch accents: testing two hypotheses. Välimaa-Blum, Riitta: Intonation: a dintinctive parameter in grammatical constructions. The binary suprasegmental features of English. Hayes, Bruce: Metrical stress theory: principales and case studies. This agrees with Cruttenden 1986, p. Schäfer-Vincent, Kurt: Pitch period detection and chaining: method and evaluation.
My 1983 description of English was based on three pitch accents that could undergo modifications, much as in Ladd , , and treated the effects of boundary tones as the phonetic realizations of the pitch accents. Vogel, Irene: The role of the clitic group in prosodic phonology. Die Begriffe Grammar, Competence, Performance, Acceptability und Grammaticality bei Noam Chomsky. By judiciously cutting and pasting sections in the stretch of the waveform before the adverbial, one durational hybrid of each pair of utterances was created, using the software Praat. Cutler, Anne; Pearson, Mark: On the analysis if prosodic turn-taking cues.
Studia Phonetica 15: Ottawa: Didier, 1979,233p. Botinis, Antonis: Tonal segmentation and tonal binding in discourse interpretation. Seminar für Allgemeine und Vergleichende Sprachwissenschaft, Universität Hamburg: 1-6. Stuttgart, Berlin, Köln, Mainz: W. Hayes, Bruce : A revised parametric metrical theory. Mertens, Piet: Accentuation, intonation, et morphosyntaxe.
This paper recognizes this view of pitch movements, but it is not directly relevant for the discussion of the more coarse-grained alignments of tones in this article. The off-ramp analysis offers contour 10 in Table for a high-beginning equivalent of 12a , a contour which has not been reported even for northern British English. Given that intonational analysis is driven by system-internal considerations and that cues to a given category can vary across languages, it is also important to address the issue of how a language-specifc transcription can be reconciled with the need and ability to do cross-language comparison of intonation. The analysis of 16a, b in the off-ramp view is shown in 19a, b. Other social parameters, however, such as social class and linguistic background, did not affect the use of uptalk.
Language in Time and Space: Studies in Honour of Wolfgang Viereck on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday. Gibbon, Dafydd: Richter, Helmut; Phonology and discourse: a variety of approaches. A typical example is the rising pitch in English question phrases. Erickson, Donna; Lehiste, Ilse: Contrastive emphasis in elicited dialogue: durational compensation. Kingdon In: The groundwork of English intonation. Varieties are known in any event to differ in the frequency of use of contours Section 3. Studies in English Usage: The Resources of a Present-day English Corpus for Linguistic Analysis.
International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, 2 3 , 333—342. Lucci, Vincent: Ėtude phonétoque du français contemporain à travers la variation situationnelle. Forum linguisticum 9; Bern 1976, x, 309p. In: Peter Doyé, Hartmut Heuermann, Günther Zimmermann eds. An experimental evaluation of two nuclear tone taxonomies. Newman, Paul: Syllable weight and tone. Jassem, Wiktor; Kudela-Dobrogowska, Katarzyna: Speaker-independent intonation curves.
Abstract Annotation systems for intonation contours are ideally based on a well-motivated phonological analysis of the language in question, such that instances of indecision are restricted to uncertainties over what intonational structure the speaker has used, rather than over the choice of label in situations where no suitably distinctive label is available or more than one suitable label is available. Szwedek, Aleksander: A linguistic analysis of sentence stress. Under this view, it is crucial to discuss the ways surface pitch patterns and structural pitch patterns or phonological categories are related. Intensive language training enhances brain plasticity in chronic aphasia. Hermann Bluhme; Gőran Hammarstrőm eds. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 35.
Section 4 reports an experiment that was designed to decide whether a medial boundary exists in contour a. This audio content is available at: and. Mozziconacci, Sylvie: Pitch variations and emotions in speech. In the off-ramp case, this is because any trailing L-tone in a pre-nuclear pitch accent will be realized late, creating a slow fall rather than a slow rise. Both groups normally stressed the same word in each sentence. J Jakobs, Haike: Bouded stress systems in recent metrical theory.