If they do decide to extend peace to Christians, make sure that includes our congregations in Rome and throughout the empire. Celsus probably had knowledge of Christianity about as accurate as most educated Romans who bothered to look into the matter. And what we teach is not so different from what some of your own Greek philosophers teach. Carthage was a large metropolitan area and considered as a suburb of Rome even though it lay across the Mediterranean Sea. Would you chase the Holy Spirit back into the last century and into the writings of the apostles? He was an important Christian leader in the middle of the second century, which is why he was arrested and executed by Roman officials in Smyrna in 155. We teach that Christ-wisdom and not some set of dogmas.
In a way, Polycarp, Valentinus, and Montanus respectively represent three impulses within historic Christianity: the orthodox impulse for theological correctness, the Gnostic impulse for higher knowledge and wisdom, and the enthusiastic impulse for transformative experience. Valentinus was one of the Gnostic leaders in the second century; there were many others around the empire. Valentinus, a participant in that conversation, was a leading Gnostic in Rome, and Irenaeus seems to be especially out to refute him and his followers. Before I smite thy spirit on the snout! In the second half of the second century, he undertook a thorough investigation of the various Gnostic Christian sects. We welcome into our circles anyone with special spiritual insight and abilities.
Lower- and upper-level undergraduates; general readers. Celsus see conversation 1, above has published his exposé of Christianity, titled The True Doctrine, in which he ridicules its adherents as superstitious and ignorant. We believe exactly what the apostles taught us. Medieval scholastic philosopher-theologian Thomas Aquinas and tree-hugger Francis of Assisi enthuse on how to know God -- Sixteenth-century Bucer convenes Luther, Karlstadt, Erasmus, Zwingli, Grebel, Calvin, and Servetus on church reform -- Reformer Luther and Roman Catholic theologian Eck dispute the nature of salvation, grace, faith, and justification -- Reformers Luther, Hubmaier, Zwingli, and Calvin debate the Lord's Supper and baptism -- Sixteenth-century reformer Calvin and seventeenth-century theologian Arminius contest divergent views of salvation -- Eighteenth-century evangelical revivalists-theologians Wesley and Edwards compare differing views of salvation -- Eighteenth-century Irish deist Toland and English evangelist Wesley debate faith and reason, God and miracles -- Enlightenment philosophers Locke, Kant, and Hegel deal with issues impinging on Christian theology -- Father of modern theology Schleiermacher and philosophers Kant and Hegel debate the essence of religion and Christianity. I have mixed feelings after finishing the book.
I have already detected Olson anticipating some of the possible knee jerk reactions in a book like this. It is a creative overview of the history of Christian thought, from the early church through the twenty-first century. They meet in several villas around the city and engage in study of higher spiritual wisdom and in meditation. The price displayed in your currency is not the exact amount that you will be charged and is displayed for your convenience only. I agree that real Christians must believe certain things, but what about those who are ignorant or who have come to believe the same thing in substance but outside the written or spoken Word? God in Dispute collects 29 of these insightful dialogues involving great Christian thinkers from the early church to the present. What about the philosophically minded Jew or pagan? There he implies that virtually no common ground exists between Christianity and the true doctrine, by which he means the generally accepted hybrid of Greek philosophy combining aspects of Platonism and Stoicism. Olson is a prolific church historian and theologian and is well qualified to 'get into the minds' of these thinkers, representing them fairly.
Olson combines a delightful blend of history, philosophy, theology and a great sense of humor. Please tell the Roman senators to regard us as the true Christians. Seek that which is above, and you will find it within. God in Dispute is an enjoyable book that covers a lot of material. His knowledge of Christianity was limited, but he seems to have gone to some trouble to find out what Christians believed even if he sometimes got it wrong.
All this raises the question that Celsus must have considered: who were the true and authentic Christians of the second century? It traces the history of theology via such conversation partners as and Pelagius, and , and Brunner, and and. This is perfect for any geeky theology nerds, or, to be honest, anybody willing to work through some of the greatest debates with the greatest minds of Western history. But the Christ-spirit came back to teach a few of the disciples the secret wisdom that most mortals cannot handle: that the human soul is a spark of God. Doubtless, however, they knew of each other, and if Celsus had tried to bring three great Christian leaders of his time to Rome, he might have chosen these three. The early church chose order to the detriment of spiritual enthusiasm.
Throughout Christian history, Gnostic-like sects secretly passed down what scholars call esoteric Christianity. Olson delivers a unique way of communicating the ideas of important theologians that result in better understanding for the reader. But rather than ponderous discourses on the subjects, he presents the key ideas of each speaker through lively—and sometimes humorous—dialogue. The purpose is to present a composite account of what we think these men believed and might have said to each other. Montanus lived in Asia Minor now Turkey and led a group of Christians who called their movement The New Prophecy. This approach offers readers an entertaining, informative, and concise history of Christian thought.
This approach offers readers an entertaining, informative, and concise history of Christian thought. All the groups claiming Christian authenticity could not have been right, unless one is willing to reduce Christianity to folk religion and mere opinion. These included alleged sayings of Jesus that supported Gnostic beliefs. Above all, listen to and obey my prophets. God in Dispute is an enjoyable book that covers a lot of material.
Fifth-Century Bishop Augustine of Hippo and British Monk Pelagius Argue about Sin and Salvation 10. Olson Published by Baker Academic a division of Baker Publishing Group P. Second- and Third-Century Leaders Irenaeus, Tertullian, and Clement Discuss Beliefs Necessary to Be a True Christian 4. But he also wrote treatises against heretics such as Marcion and Praxeas, both of Rome. The Greek philosophers knew that the gods and goddesses of folk religion are not real; they taught their followers to think of the divine source as one, as spiritual, and as moral. But I will say this: your true doctrine of Greek philosophy is partly right. He was a lawyer who undertook to explain Christianity, at least from his own perspective, to Romans and others.
Matter is a prison of the soul-spirit. Twentieth-Century Ethicists Rauschenbusch, Niebuhr, Gutiérrez, Yoder, and Olasky Dispute the Meaning of Justice 25. Each chapter also offers a couple of books for further reading. Each imagined dialogue includes a brief summary that introduces the figures under consideration and places them in the history of theology, a more detailed assessment of the thinkers and theological issues presented, and a guide for further reading. The body, being material, is the seat of sin. After reading his book, one could hardly imagine an intellectual Christian.