The distribution of glutamate-like immunore-activity in the thoracic and abdominal ganglia of the locust was studied using two polyclonal antibodies against glutamate. Anaerobic metabolism in Upogebia pugettensis and Callianassa californiensis Crustacea, Thalassinidea. A comparable immunocytological organization of aspartate- and glutamate-immunoreactive neurons in honeybees and cockroaches further suggests that neural arrangements providing directional motion vision in flies may have early evolutionary origins. Drag and lift coefficients of the bee's body; implications for flight dynamics. Energetics of swimming in Callinectes sapidus and walking in Homarus americanus. Adapting skeletal muscle to be efficient. Mechanical performance of scallop adductor muscle during swimming.
Coordination of legs during straight walking and turning in Drosophila melagaster. Data include runners ; swimmers ; jetters ; and fliers such as mosquitoes , aphids, white flies , dragonflies , bees, wasps , beetles , flies , flower flies , butterflies , saturnid moths , sphinx moths , and crane flies. In: Scale Effects in Animal Locomotion, edited by T. The chapter is organized in sections from right to left. Remarques sur l'ultrastructure des myofibrilles chez des scorpions.
Supercontraction in the muscles of the blowfly larva: an ultrastructural study. Most of the bundles correspond to the known paths of motor neurone primary neurites. Trends for variation in power output. Used in the work are larvae of the last age prior to winging , in which the mushroom body structure has already been completely formed and corresponds to that in imago. C64 1985 Book; Illustrated English Open to the public 991013905159705106; 595.
Machines that Walk: the Adaptive Suspension Vehicle Columbus: Ohio State Univ. Shaded areas represent jetters; top right area includes molluscs such as squid; bottom area includes jellyfish. Flight performance of tethered flies. Pedley, London: Academic, 1977, p. A: Energy available from several sources is transduced to segments appendages or body sections through muscles, depending on geometry. The mechanical power output of a tettigoniid wing muscle during singing and flight.
Dynamic mechanical properties of extensor muscle cells of the shrimp Pandalus danae: cell design for escape locomotion. In: Insect Thermoregulation, edited by B. Thus, we propose that this threonine residue i. Effects of captivity and exercise on the energetics of locomotion and muscle of Carcinus maenus L. GluCl subunits have been characterized according to their sensitivity to drugs, and to their anatomical localization. The sustained power output from striated muscle, In: Scale Effects in Animal Locomotion, edited by T.
Keeping a cool head: honeybee thermoregulation. Relationship of oxygen consumption to swimming speed in Euphausia pacifica I. Speeds selected are the maximum available from the literature. This Comprehensive Insect Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology: Nervous System - Structure and Motor System v. Taurine-immunopositive laminae alternate with immunonegative ones.
Size limits in escape locomotion of carridean shrimp. Pavlova Mart 4, 1938, Leningrad 3rd Conference on Physiological Problems Devoted to Memory of I. The majority are near maximum aerobic speed speed at which maximal oxygen consumption is attained. Nervous system: sensory -- v. Optimal design of vertebrate and insect sarcomeres.
The mechanics of running: how does stiffness couple with speed?. Mechanics of jet propulsion in the hydromedusan jellyfish, Polyorchis penicillatus. Scale Effects in Animal Locomotion London: Academic, 1977. The energetics of locomotion and load carriage in the desert harvester ant Pogonomyrmex rugosus. Weight economy of flying insects. Relationship between wing loading, wingbeat frequency and body mass in homopterous insects.
The forces exerted on the substrate by walking and stationary crickets. A: Cycle frequency of fliers, runners, jetters, and swimmers. The difference between the curves represents the net work per cycle. The aerodynamics of hovering insect flight. All insect flight muscles were considered to be fast. Oxygen diffusion into the foot of the whelk Bullia digitalis Dillwyn and its possible signifigance in respiration. In: Neural Control of Locomotion, edited by R.
Swimming by the water mite Limnochares americana Lundblad Acari, Parasitengona, Limnocharidae. In fact, the selectivity of many synthetic chemical insecticides at the target site may be limited. In: Perspectives in Experimental Biology, edited by S. Six-hour treatments with dopamine also caused significant phase shifts during the early subjective night, but 3-hr treatments with dopamine had no phase-shifting effect. In: Scale Effects in Animal Locomotion, edited by T. The elasticity of relaxed insect fibrillar flight muscle.