But were all Cypriot archbishops such political and powerful Greek nationalists? The causes of the current rapprochement progress are explored in this book in relation both to the international environment which is increasingly conducive to this progress, and the significant domestic changes that both Greece and Turkey have experienced since the end of the Cold War. Their association with the Ottoman theocracy—perceived as oppressive, discriminatory and intolerable by the Balkan Christians—thus made them appear as ethno-religious quislings, to be eradicated in the struggle for liberation from Turkish rule. The imperial policy of the colonial British power introduced divisive mechanisms, says Dr Xypolia. The paper will sustain that the effect intense exposure causes interacts with the workings of implicit memory, influences dispositions, behaviors, and mental structures and radically intervenes in the process of reality perception. Ongoing research led by Ilia Xypolia from the University of Aberdeen has investigated the role of imperialism by tracing the roots of the conflict in Cyprus during the interwar years. The busts, statues and architectural complexes erected since 1960, when the country gained its independence, are consecrated to the dead and missing during the political inter-communal and inter-ethnic conflicts. This article will try to answer the above questions focusing on a feminist understanding of conflict in Cyprus.
In contrast, Cyprus promotes martyrdom and orchestrates powerful connotations with a view to keep alive the collective traumas of the past. This book explores the relationship between the emergence of Turkish national identity and British colonial rule in the 1920s and 1930s. These events should inspire young people to pursue a career in social sciences and raise awareness about the impact made to wider society. The paper will focus on the commemorative sculpture in the Republic of Cyprus and comment the role attributed to individual actors in the process of narrating and preserving collective memory. While in India right-wing Hindus blame Muslims for being traitors to the nation and constantly doubt their loyalty, in Pakistan the national narrative thrives on projecting the demand for Pakistan as rooted organically in the Islamic psyche and ethos — to create the Islamic state as part of religious obligation.
The results show that Greek-Cypriot students use the ethnic labels Greek, Greek-Cypriot, and Cypriot to construct their ethnic identities and they change and negotiate between these ethnic labels when talking about their identity. The result was that by the spring of 1959 a political stalemate had descended upon Cyprus, and none of the contending parties had achieved their full objectives. They pose a crucial question: can religious education contribute to a shared public sphere and foster solidarity across different ethnic and religious communities? Only the Muslim elite minority favored Kemal Atatürk's secular views. Ireland and the End of the British Empire challenges the received historiography of the period and constitutes a valuable addition to our understanding of Ireland and the British Empire. On the other hand, in China Socialist Realism summed up deeply rooted traditional behaviors and current political stands and revealed a different version of idealized interpretation of reality.
In the above context, artworks are deprived from any aesthetic quest. This paper examines and analyzes data from feminist non-governmental organizations who promote inter-ethnic contact, and organize joint projects and conflict resolution workshops. Upon evaluating original minutes of the Legislative Council, Onurkan-Samani sheds light on certain socioeconomic and political matters of the time. This paper is about dividing lines and impenetrable walls separating territories and nations; it is about ways of remembering and forgetting and about possible routes of overcoming physical and psychological rifts through hopeful representations of friendly cohabitation. In societies in conflict such as Cypriot society, the dominant nationalist political discourse tends to homogenize both sides to the conflict, thus giving rise to ethnic stereotypes and misperceptions.
The acknowledgement of the history and long-term effects of population displacements that have taken place since 1958 could thus be a crucial step in removing the Cyprus issue from the vicious circle of Greco-Turkish conflict. The students' choice of a specific ethnic label seems to be widely motivated by ideologies connected to politics, language, religion, and education. Much scholarly attention has been given to the study of the gendered aspect of ethno-national conflicts trying to understand the experiences of men and women in a conflict situation and to what extent these shape different types of intervention for peacemaking and peace-building. Both countries are newborn states despite their long history and rich cultural background. Drawing on a novel dataset tracking ethnic group dyads in 21 ex-British colonies across the period 1940-2006, I provide robust evidence indicating that the pathway from the experience of British colonial rule to contemporary inter-communal violence is more complex than hitherto appreciated.
As Cyprus experienced British imperial rule between 1878 and 1960, Greek and Turkish nationalism on the island developed at different times and at different speeds. It seems to belong to a past age but in this interactive talk we will learn how imperialism is of relevance to the world today. This analysis of the data demonstrates that Greek and Turkish Cypriot women's voices and experiences are diverse and multiple. The relationship between the new Republic of Ireland and Britain was a complex one however, and the traditional assumption that the Republic would universally support self-determination overseas and object to 'imperialism' does not hold up to historical scrutiny. The comparative case study examines the roles of primary mediators who have the power and clout to enforce agreements and regional external ethnoguarantors who have cultural, historical, and political ties to internal allies.
Are women's experiences of conflict different from men's? The sculptures situated in its public spaces preserve a strong visual narrative element and militaristic character and reflect to a high degree social notions and political behaviors. Cyprus, a recently independent state 1960 , shaped its cultural diplomacy practices according to the political developments; on the escalation of bi-communal conflicts internally and the international insecurity provoked by the Cold War rhetoric. This book offers a political history of religious authorities in the pre-modern, modern, and post-modern eras. The divide and rule policy of the British supported the emergence of a nationalist movement. Clashes between traditional methods of healing and the practices brought in by colonizers are explored across both territories. From Singapore to Australia, Cyprus to Ireland, India to Iraq and around the rest of the British imperial world, further complexities and interlocking themes are addressed, offering new perspectives on imperial and colonial history and theory, as well as art, music, photography, propaganda, education, pacifism, gender, class, race and diplomacy at the end of the pax Britannica. In the second chapter of the thesis, Xypolia attempts to define the four main factors that are related with the emergence of Turkish nationalism in Cyprus, namely the rise of Greek nationalism, the success of the Kemalist revolution, the modernization of the Cypriot society and the British colonial policy of divide and rule.
Data are collected by means of interviews. Ilia will share lessons from one of the world's most intractable conflicts, the Cyprus issue. Turkish Cypriot nationalism developed belatedly as a militant nationalist and anti-Enosis movement. The initial creation of racial images in relation to violence had particular consequences for land ownership. Comparatively, the paper will examine an example which is placed at the opposite: the anonymity of membership in creating the nation and heroic concepts in China. A social constructionist approach is used for the analysis of ethnic identity construction.
Does it have any relevance today? It could be through conference attendance, group discussion or directed reading to name just a few examples. The findings will be shared as part of an event entitled on 5 November for the general public. The study highlights how ongoing political conflicts today in the empire's former territories have their roots in these separation policies. McGrath argues against this passive view, suggesting that Ireland played an enthusiastic role in the establishment and expansion of the first British Empire. We know social scientists and economists value the opportunity to talk with the public to make an impact with their work. Turkish Cypriots, who had hoped to see the island partitioned on ethnic lines, were given only a share of power in the government of the new Republic, and the British, who had hoped to retain sovereignty over the whole of the island, were left in control of just two military enclaves. In this chapter Xypolia discusses almost all major political events of the time of the research.